Chicago will start to enforce a new COVID-19 vaccine mandate next year, but what do city officials consider "fully vaccinated" against the virus?
Beginning Jan. 3, anyone age 5 and older will be required to show proof of full vaccination to dine inside or visit gyms or entertainment venues where food and drinks are being served, joining other big cities like New York and Los Angeles in adding the requirement.
In a press conference Tuesday, Chicago Department of Public Health Commissioner Dr. Allison Arwady said the city's definition of "fully vaccinated" matches that of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
"Anybody age 5 and up who wants to eat indoors in a restaurant, go into a fitness center, go into a place of entertainment where food or drink is being served must be fully vaccinated," Arwady said. "And by fully vaccinated, yes, I mean fully vaccinated as the CDC has defined it: Two weeks, right now, post your second dose of Pfizer or Moderna, or your one dose of J&J."
Arwady added that she anticipated the CDC will amend the definition of "fully vaccinated" to include a booster dose of the vaccine. Should that happen, she said, Chicago will update its new mandate.
Chicagoans over age 16 will need to provide a valid photo ID and one of the following valid forms of verification, according to the Chicago Department of Public Health:
- COVID vaccination card
- Photocopy of vaccination card
- Digital record of vaccination or a printed record from your vaccine provider
According to the new guidelines, those 5 and older must also show proof of full vaccination, but anyone ages 16 and older will need to provide identification that matches their vaccination record. Employees at such venues will also need to either be vaccinated or wear a mask and show proof of weekly negative COVID-19 tests.
The city said the policy is "in response to an alarming rise in COVID-19 cases both locally and nationally, driven in part by the omicron variant."
"Despite our diligent and equitable vaccine distribution efforts throughout this year,
unfortunately, our city continues to see a surge of COVID-19 Delta and now Omicron cases," Mayor Lori Lightfoot said in a statement. "New steps must be taken to protect the health and wellbeing of our residents. This public health order requiring proof of vaccination to visit certain indoor public places is a necessary measure to ensure we can continue to enjoy our city's many amenities as we enter the new year."
The city noted its indoor mask mandate also remains in effect.
“This new requirement will not eliminate COVID risk, but it will help ensure a much safer indoor environment for fully vaccinated Chicagoans, as well as for the employees working in these higher-risk settings. As we head further into the winter months, we must take this step now,” CDPH Commissioner Dr. Allison Arwady said in a statement.
Here are the full requirements:
Establishments where food or beverages are served, including, but not limited to, restaurants, bars, fast food establishments, coffee shops, tasting rooms, cafeterias, food courts, dining areas of grocery stores, breweries, wineries, distilleries, banquet halls, and hotel ballrooms
Gyms and fitness venues, including, but not limited to, gyms, recreation facilities, fitness centers, yoga, Pilates, cycling, barre, and dance studios, hotel gyms, boxing and kickboxing gyms, fitness boot camps, and other facilities used for conducting indoor group fitness classes.
Indoor entertainment and recreation venues where food or beverages are served
Including, but not limited to, movie theaters, music and concert venues, live performance venues, adult entertainment venues, commercial event and party venues, sports arenas, performing arts theaters, bowling alleys, arcades, card rooms, family entertainment centers, play areas, pool and billiard halls, and other
recreational game centers.
Places Not Included in the Requirement
The vaccine requirement does not include houses of worship; grocery stores (though indoor dining sections within grocery stores would be included); locations in O’Hare International Airport or Midway International Airport; locations in a residential or office building the use of which is limited to residents, owners, or tenants of that building; or food service establishments providing only charitable food services, such as soup kitchens. Schools and day cares also are not included in the order.
Businesses will be required to develop and keep a written record of their plans for implementing and enforcing the vaccine requirement while also posting signage at entrances.
There are some exemptions to the requirement, however, city officials noted. Those include:
• Individuals entering an establishment for less than 10 minutes for ordering and
carrying out food; delivering goods; or using the bathroom;
• A nonresident performing artist who does not regularly perform or render services
in a covered location, or a nonresident individual accompanying such a performing
artist, while the performing artist or individual is in a covered location for the
purposes of such artist’s performance;
• A nonresident professional athlete or a nonresident individual accompanying such
professional athlete, who enters a covered location as part of their regular
employment for purposes of the professional athlete/sports team competition;
• Individuals who have previously received a medical or religious exemption (e.g.
from an employer), provided such patrons show the establishment proof of the
medical or religious exemption and a COVID-19 test administered by a medical
professional within the last 72 hours prior to entering.
• An individual 18 years of age or younger who enters a covered location to
participate in an activity organized by a school or after-school program offered by
any pre-kindergarten through grade twelve public or non-public school; and
• An individual who enters for the purposes of voting in a municipal, state, or federal
election; or, pursuant to law, assisting or accompanying a voter or observing such
City health officials had been saying for weeks that vaccine proof may soon be required for certain indoor activities and public spaces.
Several restaurants and venues have already required proof of vaccination or negative tests to enter regardless of citywide rules.
"There's no denying that we are in a fifth wave of COVID-19," Lightfoot said during an address Tuesday. "This new wave is seemingly more deadly than the last, spreading faster and causing profound harm. I have not been this concerned about COVID-19 since the early days of the pandemic in 2020."
In Chicago alone the average daily case rate has risen to 2,069 per day, a 101% increase from the week prior. Daily hospitalizations and deaths have also seen increases in the last week, city data shows.
Across Illinois, cases and hospitalizations continue to rise leading up to the holiday.
According to the Illinois Department of Public Health, the state has reported 16,581 new cases of the virus in the last day, the most it has recorded in a single day in 2021. In fact, the number is the most in a single day since Nov. 5, 2020, when 17,608 new cases were reported, according to IDPH data.
At least 71 omicron cases have been detected so far in Illinois, according to IDPH, with local health officials confirming at least two in the Chicago area, one in the city proper.
At the same time, the state is also seeing a surge in newly-hospitalized coronavirus patients, with more residents seeking emergency medical care than at any point so far this year.
Still, while they encourage local authorities to make decisions on a regional level, state officials have said there are currently no plans to bring back restrictions at a statewide level just yet.