Bird Migration

Millions of birds cross Illinois as migration ramps up. Here's how to keep them safe

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Millions of birds are migrating south for the winter, with more than 10 million crossing over the state of Illinois in just the last 24 hours alone.

According to BirdCast, more than 13.5 million birds crossed Illinois between 4 a.m. Wednesday and 4 a.m. Thursday. Nearly 55 million were in flight over the state as of 4 a.m. Thursday, according to the data website.

These escalating numbers come as migrations southward are steadily increase, with peak numbers expected in coming days and lasting through the beginning of November.  

According to EBird, a variety of warblers are traversing the state, including the Chestnut-sided Warbler, the Black-and-white Warbler and the Black-throated Green Warbler.

Several species of thrushes, including the Gray-cheeked Thursh and the Swainson’s Thrush, typically cross Illinois at this time of year.

There are numerous ways residents and businesses can help birds as they migrate southward, including shutting exterior off lights in the overnight hours.

Tall buildings are encouraged to turn off decorative lighting after 11 p.m., and to leave those lights off until daybreak, as birds typically migrate during the overnight hours to take advantage of cooler temperatures and gentler winds.

Tenants are also encouraged to turn off unnecessary lights within rooms, or to draw their blinds during the overnight hours. Those recommendations typically apply to buildings that are 20 or more stories tall.

Approximately 250 species of birds migrate across the city of Chicago in a given year, and most killed by collisions with buildings are smaller birds from the tropics, including warblers, thrushes and tanagers, according to the Audubon Society.

An estimated one billion birds are killed annually when striking windows in the United States and Canada. Birds are drawn to city lights, or can be disoriented by lights while in flight.

More information on how to protect migrating birds can be found on CornellLab’s website, or via the Chicago chapter of the Audubon Society.

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