It's been over two weeks since the first bus of asylum-seeking migrants arrived in Texas from Chicago as part of Texas Gov. Greg Abbott's "Operation Lone Star", which has sent migrants to New York City and Washington, D.C. as well.
Since then, Chicago has received 654 migrants from Texas on 12 buses, with an additional 48 migrants arriving in the city on Friday.
Abbott's policy has sent migrants to cities with "sanctuary city" ordinances that prohibit local law enforcement from detaining individuals based on their immigration status alone.
In recent days, Abbott sent a bus of asylum-seeking migrants to a location just outside the home of Vice President Kamala Harris in residential Washington, D.C.
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Gov. JB Pritzker noted a "regular cadence" in arrivals in a press conference earlier this week as the pace of migrants in Chicago has steadily picked up in the last week.
Pritzker called Abbott's policy a "manufactured crisis by ambush," noting that the state has not received any communication from Texas government or law enforcement officials regarding the arrivals or status of asylum-seeking migrants.
After the first group of migrants arrived in Chicago last month, Mayor Lori Lightfoot said her administration was aware of the plan, and that the city was working to find shelter and other services for individuals bused in.
"We understand that many are fleeing violent, traumatic, or otherwise unstable environments," Lightfoot said in a statement continued. "We will respond with essential services while these individuals navigate the next steps of their journey and our community partners have been working diligently to provide a safety net."
However, several buses of migrants were transported to two different suburbs soon after arriving in the city, a move that mayors from both of those villages say they were unaware of.
Here's a breakdown of what we know about the policy, and how Chicago is involved and more.
What is the Policy and When Did It Start?
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott began the "drop-off" policy in April of this year, when he sent a bus of asylum-seekers to Washington, D.C. in protest of President Joe Biden's immigration policy.
The operation stemmed from Abbott’s criticism of the Biden administration’s attempts to lift a Title 42 order that had allowed the U.S. to deny asylum-seekers entry into the country during the COVID pandemic.
According to CNN, the program has cost Texas approximately $12.7 million. Abbott’s office says that the asylum-seekers are only transported after giving written permission, but the network says it is “unclear” what options are presented to those individuals.
Where Have the Buses Been Sent?
In addition to the buses sent to Washington, D.C. in the spring, Abbott later sent buses of migrants to New York City in early August and sent the first bus to Chicago on Aug. 31.
“President Biden’s inaction at our southern border continues putting the lives of Texans – and Americans – at risk and is overwhelming our communities,” Abbott said in a statement at the time.
Abbott chose the destinations due to their status as "sanctuary cities," which include policies that prohibit officials from asking residents about their immigration status while also refraining from disclosing information to federal authorities.
Under Chicago’s “Welcoming City Ordinance,” officials will not ask about immigration status, nor will it disclose that information to federal authorities. Services will not be denied based on immigration status, according to a document published by the city.
Where Else Could the Buses be Sent?
Abbott's policy has targeted three northern, Democratic-led "sanctuary cities" thus far, though several other large, Democratic-led cities have enacted similar policies.
Large American cities such as Boston, San Francisco, Portland and Seattle have implemented similar policies in regards to immigration and are all led by Democratic mayors, making them potential destinations for asylum-seeking migrants under Abbott's policy.
How is Chicago Responding?
When the first migrants arrived in the city late last month, Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot said her administration was aware of the plan, and that the city was working to find shelter and other services for individuals bused in.
"This is such an important moment for Chicago as our city has been a sanctuary for thousands of newcomers. We are welcoming them and we will not turn our backs on those who need our help the most," Lightfoot said last Wednesday in a statement.
"We understand that many are fleeing violent, traumatic, or otherwise unstable environments," the statement continued. "We will respond with essential services while these individuals navigate the next steps of their journey and our community partners have been working diligently to provide a safety net."
However, a western suburb received a bus of 64 migrants earlier this month without prior notice from city officials, with the village of Burr Ridge accommodating the asylum-seekers on the fly.
In a statement, the village of Burr Ridge confirmed it received 64 refugees, which were transported from the Salvation Army Shield of Hope in Chicago. The refugees were ultimately assigned to temporary hotel housing in Burr Ridge.
"Neither village elected officials nor staff were consulted or contacted about this decision and we are now gathering information to keep our community updated."
Similarly, in northwest suburban Elk Grove Village last week, a bus of 90 asylum-seekers arrived, but the village's mayor said he wasn't afforded much time — or notice — to prepare for their arrival.
According to the city of Chicago, the state of Illinois is in charge of transporting migrants and mitigating those efforts.
"These people should not be used as pawns," Grasso said during the interview. "They should get their lives in order, and I'm glad that they are going to start in Burr Ridge."