Chicago's City Council has approved the creation of a civilian board to oversee the Chicago Police Department, a key plank of the reform agenda that swept Mayor Lori Lightfoot into office more than two years ago.
Council members voted 36-13 to approve the measure during a meeting Wednesday.
One day earlier, the City Council's Committee on Public Safety voted 12-8 to move an ordinance creating both a system of elected councils that will collaborate with police leaders in each of the city’s 22 police districts, as well as a commission that will have the power to draft Police Department policy. In a key compromise, final authority on hiring and firing the police superintendent will remain in the hands of the mayor.
Creating a civilian oversight panel for police first was taken up in 2015, when a pair of ordinances to create the new body were brought forth amid public outcry after the release of video of a Chicago Police officer shooting 17-year-old Laquan McDonald 16 times.
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The ordinance presented before the City Council was the product of two years of wrangling between the mayor’s office, council members and community groups that concluded late Sunday. The compromise comes as both sides were eager to hold a vote before the council’s August recess.
Ald. Nick Sposato (38th) continued criticism of the oversight panel and said he would vote against it Wednesday, complaining that the department already has some 11 boards and outside agencies that can act on misconduct and that the ordinance draft was being rushed through.
The vote to move the ordinance out of the Public Safety Committee comes after several near-misses, as the mayor’s office sought to retain final say over the hiring and firing of the police superintendent— a reversal of her stance as candidate for mayor.
The ordinance was first introduced in 2015 in response to a recommendation by a blue-ribbon committee — chaired by Lightfoot, who was then head of the city’s Police Board — that investigated CPD’s operations following public uproar over video of Officer Jason Van Dyke shooting 17-year-old McDonald.
The ordinance establishes a seven-member commission that will recommend candidates for police superintendent, head of the Civilian Office of Police Accountability, which investigates officer misconduct, as well as members of the Police Board, which handles officer discipline.
The ordinance also will create elected positions for three-member councils in each of the city’s 22 police districts, which would advise district commanders and help improve community policing efforts. One member of each council will serve on a nominating committee that will choose candidates to serve on the oversight commission, with the mayor retaining authority to pick one of the candidates or request new nominees.
The commission also will have authority to draft department policy and to accept policies put forth by CPD. Lightfoot and future mayors would retain authority to hire superintendents from a list of candidates nominated by the commission, while the City Council still would have to ratify the picks.
A key provision allows commission members to hold a no-confidence vote, which could force a City Council vote on whether to recommend firing the superintendent, COPA chief or Police Board members. If two-thirds of the council votes to recommend firing the head of COPA, the agency boss would be out. But, in a key compromise, the mayor is not required to remove the superintendent or Police Board members based on the council’s vote.